Osteoporosis is a disease in which fractures occur due to bones becoming thin and breaking. If you notice height loss, or pain in your back and bones, these may be signs of Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is five times more common in women than in men. There is currently no cure for Osteoporosis, but there are ways to manage the progression in order to live a long and pain free life.
Osteoporosis is caused by many factors. These risk factors include: genetic predisposition, inadequate calcium and vitamin D in diet, not getting enough exercise and menopause. You may be at a higher risk for developing Osteoporosis if you have:
- a thin, small frame.
- an eating disorder, or have in the past.
- experienced menopause before age 45.
- others in your family who have had reoccurring broken bones or stooped postures.
- surpassed age 50.
- taken certain medications for a long period of time.
How is Osteoporosis diagnosed?
Through testing your bone density and strength with the following mineral test:
- DEXA Scan , which takes 10-20 minutes and measures bone density in the hips and spine. It also measures your total bone density with the use of X-ray beams.
If you suffer from Osteoporosis, here are some of the treatment options we offer:
- Calcium and vitamin D supplements
- Exercise programs
- Menopausal replacement therapy, usually used with estrogen or an estrogen and progestin combination.
- Prescription oral medications
- Evista, which acts similarly to estrogen and has the ability to maintain bone mass.
- Actonel, Boniva, and Fosamax which prevent cells that break down bones.
- Injectible medications
- Calcitonin, which is available as an injection or nasal spray. It is a natural occurring hormone that inhibits bone loss.
- Forteo, which is a self-administered daily injection. It stimulates new bone formation and increases bone mineral density.
- Prolia, which is a healthcare professional administered injection. It is covered by most insurance carriers, requiring a prior authorization, and given once every six months.
How to Prevent Osteoporosis
There are ways to reduce your risk of developing Osteoporosis. You can start by exercising and consuming enough calcium and vitamin D daily. Add calcium-rich foods to your diet when increasing the amount of calcium you intake. These foods include:
- Non-fat milk
- Non-fat yogurt
- Broccoli, cauliflower and leafy green vegetables
Consider calcium supplements if you can’t consume the above foods.
To learn more about the prevention and management of Osteoporosis, schedule an appointment with a provider at Draelos Metabolic Center. Call (405) 330-2362 to schedule or request an appointment on our website’s Home page.